Key Cooperative Research Institute for Policy Studies of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the P.R.C (2022-2024)

LIU Lirong


LIU Lirong

Associate Professor, Ph.D., University of Bonn;Centre for European Studies

Research Interests: Sino-EU Relations, Germany Studies, China-EU-Africa Trilateral Relations, Empirical Methods in Political Science




Liu Lirong is an Associate Professor of European Studies at Fudan University in Shanghai. She holds a Ph.D. (Dr. phil.) in sociology andan MA (Magistra Artium) in sociology, computer science and history of art from the University of Bonn in Germany, as well as a BA in journalism from Renmin University of China. She was Visiting Researcher at the Center for European Integration Studies in Bonn (2009), Visiting Fellow at the European Union Institute for Security Studies in Paris (2010), Visiting Researcher at LMU Munich (2012-2013), Visiting Researcher at Lund University (2013)and Visiting Researcher at German Council on Foreign Relations (2016).

Recent publications include Economic Freedom and Growth: an International Comparative Study (LIT Press, 2007, in German), Culture and National Security as Determinants of Why Nations Arm (Engelhardt-Ng Press, 2007, in German),The EU and China’s engagement in Africa: the dilemma of socialisation (EUISS, 2011, in English),Medea’s Anger: the Change of Social Values in Europe (Tongji University  Press, 2011, in Chinese)and Twilight of the European Dream (China Social Sciences Press, 2017, in Chinese).

She applies modern quantitative methods, i.e., multivariate statistics or econometric methods to the international studies. Current research focuses on: Sino-EU relations, Germany Studies, China-EU-Africa trilateral relations, the interplay between culture and political economy.


1. Research Methods for the Social Sciences

2. Quantitative Research Methods for International Relations


1.Liu Lirong, Twilight of the European Dream, Beijing: China Social Sciences Press, 2017 / in Chinese

2.Liu Lirong,The EU and China’s engagement in Africa: the dilemma of socialization, Paris: EUISS, 2011 /in English

3.Liu Lirong and Huang Fengzhu,Medea’s Anger: the Change of Social Values in Europe. Shanghai: Tongji

   University Press, 2011 / in Chinese

4.Liu Lirong,Wirtschaftliche Freiheit und Wachstum: Eine international vergleichende Studie. Berlin: LIT Press,2007/ in German

5.Liu Lirong,Sicherheitspolitische und Soziokulturelle Determinanten der Verteidigungsanstrengungen: 

Eineinternational vergleichende Studie. Bonn: Engelhardt-Ng Press, 2007 / in German


1.(from German into Chinese) Susanna Partsch,Kunst-Epochen / 20. Jahrhundert I, Beijing: The Commercial Press, 2016

2.(from German into Chinese) Hermann Scheer, Solare Weltwirtschaft, Beijing: Sdxjoint Publishing House, 2000

3.(from German into Chinese) Jose Lutzenberger,Wirkönnen die Natur nicht verbessern, Beijing: Sdxjoint Publishing House, 1999

4.(from German into Chinese) Imre Kertész,Understanding Kertész,  Hongkong:  Mingpao Press, 2002



1.(in Chinese) Liu Lirong, 'China's economic diplomacy towards the EU', Fudan International Relations Review, November 2017, Vol.20, pp.152-172

2. (in Chinese) Liu Lirong, 'One Belt, One Road: Opportunities and Obstacles for China-EU Cooperation', in: Chen Guoping & Zhao Yuanliang (eds.): Changes in the International System and China's Strategic Choice, Beijing: Social Science Literature Press, September 2017, pp.32-40

3. (in English) Liu Lirong, ‘Can a Strong Yet Lonesome Germany Save Europe?’ , in: Wu Xinbo (ed.): Change and Divergence – Fudan International Strategic Report 2016, Shanghai: IIS – Fudan University, March 2017, pp. 29-33

4. (in English) Liu Lirong, ‘Germany in the European Crisis: A New Role and Diplomacy Shift’, in: Wu Xinbo (ed.): Old Order and New Normal – Fudan International Strategic Report 2015, Shanghai: IIS – Fudan University, March 2016, pp. 64-70

5. (in Chinese) Liu Lirong, ‘The Possibility of Sino-EU Cooperation under the Concept of One Belt One Road’, World Economic Survey, March 2016, No.13, pp. 1-9

6. (in Chinese) Liu Lirong, ‘One Belt, One Road: Opportunities and Obstacles for Sino-EU Cooperation’,Fudan International Relations Review, November 2015, Vol.16, pp. 220-234

7. (in Chinese) Liu Lirong, ‘Involvement of European Countries in AIIB - Cause and Effect’,Eehoe Century, June - September 2015, No.26, Singapore, pp. 64-67

8.  (in Chinese) Liu Lirong, ‘EU-China High-Level People-to-People Dialogue: Assessment and Recommendations’, in: Wu Xinbo (ed.): Study on the Mechanism of Cultural Diplomacy and People-to-People Dialogue, Shanghai: IIS – Fudan University, July 2015, pp. 14-21

9. (in Chinese) Liu Lirong, ‘Particularity of Germany's China Policy and its Impact on EU’s Policy’, in: Liu Liqun (ed.):Germany and the European Union – In the Context of the Debt Crisis, Beijing: CASS Press, May 2015, pp.16-28

10.(in Chinese) Liu Lirong, ‘Germany’s China Policy in Merkel’s Third Term and the New Trends in Sino-German Relations’, in:Blue Book of Germany – Annual Development Report of Germany, Beijing: CASS Press, May 2015, pp. 200-216

11.(in Chinese) Liu Lirong, ‘Public and Cultural Diplomacy: The Experience of European Countries’, in: Wu Xinbo (ed.): People-to-People Dialogue – China’s Diplomatic Strategy, Shanghai: IIS – Fudan University, December 2014, pp. 35-42

12.(in English)  Liu Lirong,‘The United Kingdom and the European Union: What would a “Brexit” mean for the EU and other States around the World? – The Chinese View’, in: Almut Möller / Tim Oliver (eds.): DGAP-Analyse, September 2014, No.16, pp. 35-38

13.(in English) Liu Lirong, ‘The EU and China: Normative and Consultative Foreign Policy in Africa’, in: Ng Hong Chiok and Anne Engelhardt (eds.):Ost-West-Review, Bonn: Engelhardt-Ng Verlag, 2014, pp. 150-177

14.(in English)  Liu Lirong,‘Britain Outside Europe? The Chinese View. China would lose its European free-market ally’, in: Almut Möller/ Tim Oliver (ed.):Britain Outside Europe? Views on the future of the UK and EU, from Europe and beyond,IP Journal, February 2014

15.(in Chinese) Liu Lirong, ‘EU-Sino Relations: The Next Ten Years’,Chinese Journal of European Studies31(6), December 2013

16.(in Chinese)  Liu Lirong,‘The Germany Factor in Sino-EU Relations’,Journal of Germany Studies 28(3),October 2013

17.(in English) Liu Lirong,‘The Evolution of China’s EU Policy: from Mao’s intermediate zone to astrategic partnership based on non-shared values’,  Journal of European Integration History 18(1), June 2012

18.(in Chinese) Liu Lirong, ‘Financial Crisis and the Countermeasures of the European Central Bank’,Journal of Tongji University (Social Science Section) 22(1), February 2011

19.(in Chinese) Liu Lirong,‘The Development of European Foreign Policy Ideas’,Journal of Germany Studies 25(2), June 2010

20.(in Chinese) Liu Lirong,‘The Capitalist Peace and the Rise of China’,Ming Pao Monthly 45(9), September 2010

21.(in Chinese) Liu Lirong, ‘The Worldly Asceticism and theSpirit of  Capitalism’, Journal of Reading, 2009(10)

22.(in Chinese) Liu Lirong, ‘The Crisis Management of the EU in Africa’,Journal ofGermany Studies24(4), December 2009

23.(in Chinese) Liu Lirong, ‘Obstacles of  Integration in Germany and the Islamic Culture’,Journal of Tongji University(Social Science Section) 20(6), December 2009

24.(in Chinese) Liu Lirong, ‘The Cultural Identity of the United Europe’,Ming Pao Monthly 44(5), May 2009

25.(in Chinese) Liu Lirong, ‘Aesthetics of  Dialectic and Sensibility of Art’,Research on Marxist Aesthetics, Vol.11, 2008

26.(in Chinese) Liu Lirong, ‘Phenomenology of Mind: the Dialectical Process of Freedom and Consciousness’,Journal of Jiangsu Social Science, 2007 (5)  

Newspaper Commentaries

        1.Liu Lirong, ‘EU’s refusal to grant China MES would affect ties’, The BRICS Post, 2016-04-21;

2.Liu Lirong, ‘EU may likely support China’s market economy status after delay’,, 2016-01-15;

3.Liu Lirong, ‘Solving African refugee crisis needs permanent cure’,, 2015-11-13;

4.Liu Lirong, ‘EU-Africa Summit: the foreign aid and the refugee problem’,Wenhui Daily, 2015-11-11;

5.Liu Lirong, ‘Merkel's eighth visit to China, how to enhance Sino-German political cooperation’,Pengpai News, 2015-10-29;

6.Liu Lirong, ‘The transformation of Germany’s foreign policy III – The rebalancing of Germany’s Asia policy’,Pengpai News, 2015-03-11;

7.Liu Lirong, ‘The transformation of Germany’s foreign policy II – The selective leadership in the Ukraine crisis’,Pengpai News, 2015-03-04;

8.Liu Lirong, ‘The transformation of Germany’s foreign policy I – Germany seeks a stronger role in international affairs’,Pengpai News, 2015-03-03;

9.Liu Lirong, ‘Germany: The leadership from the ‘Center’’,Shanghai Morning Post, 2015-02-12;

10.Liu Lirong, ‘Would Europe become an economic ally of China?’Oriental Morning Post, 2014-10-14;

11.Liu Lirong, ‘The dilemma of minimum wage system in Europe’,Shanghai Morning Post, 2014-05-28;

12.Liu Lirong, ‘European Parliament election results: An Analysis’,Wenhui Daily, 2014-05-27;

13.Liu Lirong, ‘The civil servant system in Germany’,Shanghai Observer, 2014-05-14;

14.Liu Lirong, ‘Xi Jiping’s visit to Europe and Sino-EU relations’,Jiefang Daily, 2014-03-31;

15.Liu Lirong, ‘The geopolitics of TTIP’,DF Daily,2014-03-27;

16.Liu Lirong, ‘The two-track pension system in Germany,Shanghai Observer, 2013-12-30;

17.Liu Lirong, ‘Germany in the world: expected to be a leader?Wenhui Daily, 2013-12-29;

18.Liu Lirong, ‘The changing role of Germany in the EU’,Shanghai Morning Post, 2013-10-11;

19.Liu Lirong, ‘Germane lection: Merkel’s victory is a foregone conclusion’,Wenhui Daily, 2013-09-05;

20.Liu Lirong, ‘TTIP: setting global standards’,Shanghai Morning Post, 2013-07-11;

21.Liu Lirong, ‘The impoverished suburbs in Europe: the forgotten corner’,Shanghai Morning Post, 2013-05-30;

22.Liu Lirong, ‘Who is really ‘rich’ in the euro zone? ’Shanghai Morning Post, 2013-04-26;

23.Liu Lirong, ‘Cyprus as an ‘experimental field’ of the euro bailout’,Shanghai Morning Post,2013-03-29;

24.Liu Lirong, ‘Cameron’s talk on ‘Brexit’ appeared somewhat insincerely’,Shanghai Morning Post, 2013-02-05;

25.Liu Lirong, ‘Youth unemployment: Europe’s worries’,Shanghai Morning Post, 2012-10-23;

26.Liu Lirong, ‘Where is Merkel’s bottom-line? ’Shanghai Morning Post, 2012-09-18;

27.Liu Lirong, ‘To solve the Greek crisis, both austerity and growth will be needed’,Shanghai Morning Post, 2012-09-06;

28.Liu Lirong, ‘Netherlands election increases the uncertainties in the euro zone debt crisis’,Shanghai Morning Post, 2012-08-31;

29.Liu Lirong, ‘Can the “supranationaldemocracy” save the European debt crisis? ’Shanghai Morning Post, 2012-08-10;

30.Liu Lirong, ‘The election campaign of the European countries in the shadow of debt crisis’,Shanghai Morning Post, 2012-08-17;

31.Liu Lirong, ‘The European dream: abducted by the crisis’,Shanghai Morning Post, 2013-06-13;