Key Cooperative Research Institute for Policy Studies of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the P.R.C (2022-2024)

CAI Cuihong


CAI Cuihong

Professor, Ph.D., Fudan University

Research Interests:Sino-US Relations, Information Security Strategy, Cyberspace Governance, Cyberpolitics & International Relations 


  Cuihong Cai is a professor of international relations with the Center for American Studies at Fudan University. Prior to the present job, she worked for the Foreign Affairs Office of Fudan University during 1996-2001. She received her B.S.(1993)and M.S.(1996) in biophysics, and her Ph.D. (2002) in international relations from Fudan University. She also holds a B.A.(2001) in English language and literature from Shanghai International Studies University. She was a visiting scholar at the Georgia Institute of Technology in 2002, and at the University of California, Berkeley in 2007, as well as an invited fellow in the 2007 program on US National Security sponsored by the US State Department. She is now a member of the Shanghai Association of American Studies.

    Dr. Cai is the author of Cyber Politics in U.S.-China Relations (Singapore: World Scientific, 2021;Shanghai: Fudan University Press, 2019), Political Development in the Cyber Age (Beijing: Current Affairs Press, 2015), U.S. National Information Security Strategy (Shanghai: Academia Press, 2009and Internet and International Politics (Shanghai: Academia Press, 2003), as well as dozens of articles and papers on cyber politics, cybersecurity strategy, cyberspace governance and Sino-US relations.


Studies on Cyber Politics and International Relations (Postgraduate Courses)

Studies on Global Cyberspace Governance (Postgraduate Courses)


A Research on Building a Global Internet Governance System

A Research on the United States and Global Governance in Cyberspace

A Research on Cyber Politics within the China-U.S. Relations in the 21st Century

A Research on the Internet and Political Cultural Security

China-U.S. Relations under the Perspective of Cyber Politics

BooksMonograph and Translation

  Global Cyber Governance

  Cyber Politics in U.S.-China Relations

  Political Development in the Cyber Age

  U.S. National Information Security Strategy

  Internet and International Politics

Academic Awards

Political Development in the Cyber Age won the 2nd prize of the Outstanding Books of Philosophy and Social Sciences in Shanghai.

“Cyberpolitics in International Relations and Its Governance Dilemma” won the 3d prize of the Outstanding Papers of Philosophy and Social Sciences in Shanghai.

Selected Papers

  “An Analysis of Cybersecurity Cooperation in the QUAD Mechanism”,Contemporary International Relations,No.5,2024,pp.24-42.

  “International Competition and Cooperation in Artificial Intelligence in the Perspective of Interstate Power Relations”, Contemporary World, No. 5, 2024, pp. 19-24.

  “Building a Community of Shared Future in Cyberspace: What's New about the new stage of development”,People's Tribune,No. 8 (April 2) 2024, pp.88-93.

  “Fragmentation of global cybersecurity governance: quasi-public goods and multi-level conflicts”,Global Political Economy, pp. 1-19, April 2024, DOI:

  “Global Digital Governance Deficits: Manifestations, Causes, and China’s Practices”, Global Review, No.2, 20024, pp.65-84. 

  “The New Scientific and Technological Revolution and the Transformation of the International Order”,People's Tribune,No. 4 (February 2) 2024, pp.8-13.

  “The Role of Private and Third Sectors in Cybersecurity Governance: The Russian Ukrainian Cyber Conflict”, Journal of Governance, Security, and Development,Volume 4, Number 1,2023, pp.1-16. 

  “Global Scientific and Technologial Development: Iterative Acceleration and Geopolitization”, People's Tribune, No. 24, 2023.

  “Cross-Border Data Regulation in Geopolitical Competition: Dynamics, Models and Prospects”,Chinese Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, Issue 2, 2023(Gen. No. 23), pp.3-27. 

  “Systematic Predicament and Path Selection: Realities and Solutions for Global Cyberspace Governance”, Contemporary China and World, No. 4, 2023 (Gen. No.12), pp.25-34.

  “The Global Governance Logic and China's 'Three Initiatives':  An Analysis from the Perspective of International Public Goods Supply”, Northeast Asia Forum, No. 5, 2023, pp. 3-18.

  “Complex Intermediate Zone: The Positions and Motivations of the Gulf Arab States in the Cybersecurity Norm Debate”, Arab World Studies, No. 3, 2023, pp. 21-43.

  “The International Cybersecurity Cooperation Dilemma and Implications for EU-South Korea Relations,” in Cybersecurity Policy in the EU and South Korea from Consultation to Action:Theoretical and Comparative Perspectives, edited by Gertjan Boulet, Michael Reiterer, Ramon Pacheco Pardo,Palgrave Macmillan, 2022, pp. 251-268.

“Malicious Use of Artificial Intelligence, Uncertainty, and U.S.-China Strategic Mutual Trust”, The Palgrave Handbook of Malicious Use of AI and Psychological Security, 2023, pp. 377-396.

“China-ASEAN Digital Economic cooperation and Its Challenges in the Context of US Indo-Pacific Strategy”,Journal of Tongji University(Social Science Edition),Vol.34 No.2, April 2023, pp.26-39.

“The Competitive Situation of the Global Chip & Semiconductor Industry and China’s Opportunities”, People’s Tribune, July (2), 2022.

“Social Media ‘Algorithmic Cognitive Warfare’ and New Features of Public Diplomacy”, People’s Tribune, July (1), 2022.

“The Impact Path of Artificial Intelligence on Shaping the Composite Strategic Stability: A Model-based Examination”, Journal of International Security Studies, No. 3, 2022, pp. 79-108.

“Moving toward a “middle ground”?—The governance of platforms in the United States and China”, Policy & Internet, Vol.14, No.2, June 2022, pp. 243-262.

“The EU's Digital Transformation Strategy in the Context of ‘Tech Sovereignty’ and ‘Digital Sovereignty’ Discourse”, The Journal of International Studies, No.1, 2022, pp.9-36.

“Comparative Analysis of Policies on Cross-border Data Flow between the U.S. and China”, Pacific Journal, No.3, 2022, pp. 28-40.

“Evolution of Internet Governance in China: Actors and Paradigms”China Quarterly of International Strategic Studies, Vol. 7, No.1, 2021

 “From Passive Adaptation to Active Shaping: A Study on Russian Cyberspace Governance”, Fudan Cyberspace Governance Review, Vol.1, Nov. 2021, Current Affairs Press, pp.105-136. 

 “Five Eyes’ China Policy Coordination and Its Limitation”, Contemporary International Relations, Vol.31, No.4, July/August 2021, pp.65-79. 

“Global Data Governance: Challenges and Responses”, China International Studies, May/June 2021, pp.20-40.

“The Fourth Industrial Revolution and Diplomatic Reform,” Quarterly Journal of International Politics, Vol. 6, No. 2, 2021.

“American AI Strategy: Goals, Means and Evaluation,” Contemporary World and Socialism, No. 1, 2021.

“Global Cyber Governance in the Context of COVID-19: Opportunities and Challenges,” International Forum, No. 1, 2021.

“The Dialectical Unity of Cyber Sovereignty and the Community of Shared Future in Cyberspace”, New Media, No.1, 2021.

“Global Data Governance: Challenges and Approaches,” China International Studies, No. 6, 2020.

“Building a New Digitalised World Through Technology Centrism ”Digital Debates: CyFy Journal 2020 (New Delhi: ORF and Global Policy Journal, 2020), ISBN: 978-81-948115-1-0, pp.48-53.

“Strategic Positioning, Threat Perception and Strategic Choice of China's Cyber Security”, China Social Public Safety Research Report, No. 1, 2020, Beijing University Press.

Trump Administration’s Cyberspace Strategy”, Contemporary World, No.8, 2020

“Comparison of the Confucius Institute and Goethe Institute in America from the Perspective of Public Diplomacy(II)”, Journal of World Education, Vol. 24, pp.14-20.

“Comparison of the Confucius Institute and Goethe Institute in America from the Perspective of Public Diplomacy(I)”, Journal of World Education, Vol. 22, pp.22-32.

 “The Shaping of Strategic Stability by Artificial Intelligence”, The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Strategic Stability and Nuclear Risk, Vol. II Eastern Asian Perspectives, Edited by Lora Saalman, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), October 2019.

“The Trend and Motivation of Technology Centrism,” People’s Tribune, December(2), 2019.

“An Analysis of the Global Influence of High-tech Multinational Corporations”, People’s Tribune, December(1), 2019.

“Technological Hegemony and the Paradox of ‘Superpower’ in the Age of Great Change”, Frontiers, July 2019

“A Comparison of Cyber Strategies between China and the U.S.: Goals, Means and Models,” Contemporary World and Socialism, No. 1, 2019

“Cyberspace Governance in the Age of Global Changes”, Exploration and Free Views, No.1, 2019

“China and Global Cyber Governance: Main Principles and Debates,” Asian Perspective, Vol. 42, No. 4 (2018), pp. 647-662.

“Global Cyber Governance: China’s Contribution and Approach,” China Quarterly of International Strategic Studies, Vol. 4, No. 1, 2018, pp. 55–76. 

“The U.S. Cyber Security Cooperation with Asia Pacific Allies and Its Evaluation,” World Economics and Politics, No.6, 2018

“Geopolitics in the Cyberspace: A New Perspective in U.S.-China Relations ”, The Journal of International Studies, No.1, 2018

“The Community of Shared Destiny in Cyberspace: The Intrinsic Logic and Feasible Route”, Frontiers, No.24, 2017

“The Analysis of the Mechanism of Cyber Terrorist Activities with the Case Study of ISIS”, Contemporary World and Socialism, No. 1, 2017.

“Opportunities and Challenges of ‘Digital BRICS’”, International Review, No. 1, 2017.

“The ‘Thucydides Trap’ Discourse in China-US Relations,” China International Studies, No. 3, 2016. (English version: China International Studies, July/August 2016.)

“U.S.-China Cybersecurity Relations”, American Studies in Cross Cultural Perspectives, Sichuan University Press, June 2016.

“Global Cybersecurity Environment: Perspectives of the US and China in Comparison”, in Cherian Samuel and Munish Sharma, eds., Securing Cyberspace: International and Asian Perspectives (ISBN 978-81-8274-918-4), New Delhi: Pentagon Press, 2016, pp. 319-332.

“China’s Position in the International Collaborative System in Cyberspace”, China Information Security, No. 10, 2016.

“Political Security in the Era of Social Media”, Fudan Review of International Relations, Shanghai People’s Press, No. 17, 2015.

“Cybersecurity in the Chinese Context: Changing Concepts, Vital Interests, and Prospects for Cooperation”, China Quarterly of International Strategic Studies, Vol.1, No. 3, 2015. (doi:10.1142/S237774001550189)

“Words Mightier Than Hacks: Narratives of Cyberwar in the United States and China” Asian Perspective, Vol. 39, No. 3, July-September 2015. (doi: 10.5555/0258-9184-39.3.541)

“Logic and Pattern of US-China Relations in Cyberspace,” China Information Security, No. 9, 2015.

“Big Power Responsibility in Cyberspace and China’s Role”, World Knowledge, No.18, 2015 (Gen. No.1661).

 “Cyberpolitics and American Ideological Expansion”, Fudan American Review, Special Issue for the CAS 30th anniversary, 2015.

“A Preliminary Study of Big Power’s Responsibility in Cyberspace Governance”, Contemporary World & Socialism, No. 1, 2015.

“A Structural Analysis of the Narratives of Cyberwar: Subjects and Objectives”, Journal of Intelligence, No. 8, Vol. 33, August 2014.

“Connotations and Challenges of Big Data in International Relations”, World Economy and Politics, No. 5, 2014.

“U.S. Preemptive Cyber Strategy: Formation and Its Impacts”, China International Studies, No.1, 2014.

“Concept of Data Sovereignty and Its Prospect in the Cloud Computing Era”, Contemporary International Relations, No.12, 2013.

“The Cyberspace Governance amid the Interaction of States, Markets and Society”, World Economy and Politics, No. 9, 2013.

“On U.S.-China Strategic Trust in Cyberspace”, Fudan American Review, No. 1, 2013.

“Competition, Conflict and Cooperation: China-U.S. Relations in Cyberspace”, American Studies Quarterly, No. 3, 2012.

 “Cyberpolitics in International Relations and Its Governance Dilemma”, World Economics and Politics, No. 5, 2011.

 “A Retrospect and Prospect of ‘the US Strategic Trends and Sino-US Relations: A Conference Summary”, Fudan American Review, 2011/1.

“Online Political Communication: Debate of Its Features and Effects”, Contemporary World & Socialism, No. 6, 2011.

“On the Legal Foundations of the US Information Freedom and Its Limitation——An Observation behind WikiLeaks Disclosure”, China International Studies, January/February 2011.

“Some thoughts on the development of the academic journals on international relations”, Journal of Intelligence, December 2010.

 “Role of Value in the U.S. Foreign Policy and Its Limitation”, Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences, Vol.3. No.2, June 2010.

“Evolution of American Studies and Its Development in China”, Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences, Vol.2, No.1, March 2009.

“Between Science and Humanity: A Valuable Book on Chinese Politics”, Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences, Vol.1, No.4, December 2008.

“Factors influencing the future US-China Relations”, American Studies, 6th volume, Current Affairs Press, Beijing, November 2007.

“Is Knowledge Society Possible in the International Arena?---A Constructive Interpretation of China’s Strategic Culture”, China International Studies, Summer 2007 & Knowledge Politics Quarterly(Online),Volume 1 Issue 2, Spring 2008.

“The future development of the study of international politics in Mainland China”, East Asian Studies(Taiwan), No. 1, 2007

 “An introduction to the western theories of international system—from behaviorism to constructivism”co-authored with NI ShixiongInternational Review, No. 4, 2006

“Analytic comparison of international system: pattern, transformation and dynamics”, Teaching and Research, No. 7, 2006.

 “The U.S. national information security strategy after ‘9.11’”, American Studies, 5th volume, Current Affairs Press, Beijing, June 2005.

“Impact of the networked information on the contemporary international relations”, Religion and American Society---Religion in the Internet Age”( No. 3), edited by Xu Yihua, Beijing: Current Affairs Press, December 1, 2005.

“From Korean War to Iraq War: Change of American Attitude Toward Dover Test” (in English)The Unites States in Time of War and Peace: Conference Proceedings, Beijing: Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press, October 2005. Also appeared in: American Studies and I (in Chinese), Fudan University Press, May 2005.

“American Studies or Study of America: Asymmetry in American Studies of Different Countries” (co-authored with Ni Shixiong), Social Sciences, No. 9, 2005. Also appeared on American Studies, 4th volume, Current Affairs Press, Beijing, May 2005.

 “American Library Services: to make information more available”, Shanghai University Studies of Librarian and Information Sciences, No. 2, 2005.

“Information security strategy in the context of the cyber-nationalism”, Shanghai Zhibu Shenghuo, June 2005.

 “Iraq War and the International Anti-terrorism”, International Relations after the Iraq War (Conference Proceedings), Taiwan Chengchi University, June 2004.

 “Terrorism---Neo-imperialism: Never a Frontal Contradiction”, Comparative Studies on China-U.S. National Interests, Edited by Ni Shixiong & Wang Yiwei, Current Affairs Press(Beijing), published in June 2004.

“The Quantum Model of the International System in the Information Age”, International Relations: Theory and Practice, Edited by Guo Xuetang, Current Affairs Press(Beijing), published in May 2004.

“The American Road of Power---Hegemon---Empire: Both the Opportunities from Outer Threat and the Expansion of Its Inner Exceptionalism”, American Studies, 3rd volume, Current Affairs Press, Beijing, January 2004.

“An Elementary Exploration of the Strategy of the Biological Security in the Era of Globalization”, International Review, No.4, 2003.

“American Information Security in a Networked Era, American Studies, 2nd volume, Current Affairs Press, Beijing, November 2002.

“Internet and the Transparency of American Politics”, American Studies, 2nd volume, Current Affairs Press, Beijing, November,2002.

“Analysis of the Impact of the Internet on Contemporary International Politics”, World Economy and Politics, No. 9, 2001.

“New Theories on Globalization in the West”, International Review, No. 3, 2001; Xinhua Abstract, No. 10, 2001. 

View Points

  “China must respond to the challenges posed by the increasing cybersecurity cooperation among Quad members”,China Daily,2024-06-04.

  “Cusp of a new tech revolution”,China Daliy,2024-04-23.

  “The Traditional Chinese Values Underlying the 'Three Global Initiatives'”,Chinese Social Sciences Today, March 29, 2024, p.1. 

  “Countering tech fragmenting”,China Daily,2024-03-19.

  “Globalization of science interrupted”,China Daily,2024-03-11.

“Digital Silk Road hope”,China Daily,2023-06-13.

“Conceptual Discernment of Digital Governance and the Logic of Good Governance”, Chinese Social Sciences Daily, 2022-10-13.

Breaking the Bottlenecks: Road map and support measures are essential to accelerate development of China’s semiconductor industry, China Daily, 2022-08-31

“EU’s ‘Digital Sovereignty’ Strategy: Cooperation While Decoupling”, China Daily, 2022-04-01

“Digital Coupling: China should seek to find common ground with the EU on the development of the digital economy”, China Daily, 2022-03-31

“In Pursuit of Mutual Respect and Common Ground: The Golden Key to Sino-US Competition and Cooperation in the Internet Age”, China Daily, 2022-03-10

“Digital Key: China and the US should use cyberspace as a medium for increasing trust and promoting cooperation”, China Daily, 2022-03-03

“Analysis of a Three-dimensional International Cooperation Framework Based on Sovereignty in Cyberspace”, China Information Security, No. 11, 2021, 2021-12-23

“Promotion of the Construction of a Community of Shared Future in Cyberspace”, Chinese Social Sciences Daily, 2021-02-23

“The Emerging Pattern of Cyber Governance”, Economy & Nation Weekly, 2018-11-09

“The World Significance of China's Participation in Global Cyber Governance”, Information Security and Communications Privacy, No. 12, 2017, 2017-12-20

“Grasping China's Positioning in the International Cyberspace Cooperation System”, China Information Security, No. 10, 2016, 2016-10-31

“The Logic and Trend of China-U.S. Relations in Cyberspace”, China Information Security, No. 9, 2015, 2015-09-30

“The Great Power Responsibility and China's Role in Cyberspace”, World Affairs, No. 1661, 2015-09-16

“Inspirations and Reflections on Cybersecurity”, The Internet Economy, No. 7, 2015, 2015-07-31

“Internet+ Shapes the United States Digital Map”, The Internet Economy, No. 4, 2015, 2015-04-30

“‘Stealing Fire’ in the Digital Age: The Debate on Freedom of Information and National Security, Fudan Youth, No. 278, 2015-04-03

“The Responsibility in Network Space Governance”, Chinese Social Sciences Daily, 2014-06-13